Sustainable buildings use materials which have a low environmental impact, eliminate sewage and wastewater pollution issues, protect the natural environment. They also promote the health and wellbeing, both physical and mental, of the occupants and those living and working close to the development.
Eco Friendly Housing should encompass all of the following:
Conservation of the sites natural resources, both plant, animal and mineral.Siting of the building for minimum heat loss through wind and shade and maximum heat gain from solar, high levels of insulation, maximising natural lighting, energy efficient appliances, sewage disposal and lighting systems.
Water and Wastewater: Rainwater harvesting, water efficient appliances, minimising and attenuating surface water run-off to prevent flooding and pollution. Sustainable solutions for the disposal of sewage, eg. Sewage Treatment Plant Sustainable Filter Systems.
Transport: Public transport access, close to shops, leisure facilities and work, home offices to reduce commuting.
Materials: use of long-life sustainable materials with a low environmental impact avoiding those from non-renewable and non-sustainable sources, use of locally produced materials, use of recycled materials.
Health and wellbeing: use of non-toxic materials during all stages of the build and all areas of the building, natural daylighting, freedom from noise and pollution, green spaces, non-obtrusive design which flows into the surroundings.
Affordability and adaptability: affordable ownership, flexibility of design to adapt to the changing requirements of the occupants and future owners.